Professor Nigel Gilbert
Qualifications: PhD(Cantab), ScD(Cantab), Fellow of the British Computer Society, Chartered Engineer, Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Academician of the Social Sciences, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering
Phone: Work: 01483 68 9173
Room no: 20 AD 03
Nigel Gilbert read for a first degree in Engineering, intending to go into the computer industry. However, he was lured into sociology and obtained his doctorate on the sociology of scientific knowledge from the University of Cambridge, under the supervision of Michael Mulkay. His research and teaching interests have reflected his continuing interest in both sociology and computer science (and engineering more widely).
His main research interests are processual theories of social phenomena, the development of computational sociology and the methodology of computer simulation, especially agent-based modelling. He is Director of the Centre for Research in Social Simulation.
He is also Director of the University's Institute of Advanced Studies and responsible for its development as a leading centre for intellectual interchange.
He is the author or editor of several textbooks on sociological methods of research and statistics and editor of the Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation.
Computational social science, sociology of science and science policy, innovation, consumer behaviour, sociology of the environment, privacy and surveillance.
Current projects include:
Whole Systems Energy Modelling Consortium (WholeSEM):
Energy models provide essential quantitative insights into the 21st Century challenges of decarbonisation, energy security and cost-effectiveness. Models provide the integrating language that assists energy policy makers to make improved decisions under conditions of pervasive uncertainty. Whole systems energy modelling also has a central role in helping industrial and wider stakeholders assess future energy technologies and infrastructures, and the potential role of societal and behavioural change.
The key aims of the interdisciplinary wholeSEM consortium are to:
Undertake internationally cutting edge research on prioritised energy system topics;
Integrate whole energy systems modelling approaches across disciplinary boundaries;
Build bilateral engagement mechanisms with the wider UK energy systems community in academia, government and industry.
The Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket Systems
The GLODERS research project is directed towards development of an ICT model for understanding a specific aspect of the dynamics of the global financial system: Extortion Racket Systems (ERSs). ERSs. GLODERS will provide a theory-driven set of computational tools, developed through a process of participatory modelling with stakeholders, to study, monitor, and possibly predict the dynamics of ERSs, as they spread from local through regional into global influence.
The research will draw on expertise already developed in the small, but highly experienced multidisciplinary consortium to use:
• computer-assisted qualitative text mining of documentary evidence;
• guided semi-automatic semantic analysis of stakeholder narratives and other textual data; and
• multi-level, stakeholder-centred agent-based modelling of the distributed negotiations between normative agents.
These methods will advance the state of the art for using data to inform policy decisions.
Throughout, the project will interact with a large, international group of stakeholder representatives from EU Ministries of Justice and police forces. The output will provide a set of ICT tools to facilitate strategic policies that could prevent the further penetration and extension of the global menace posed by ERSs.
The GLODERS project is supported by the European Commission's Framework Programme 7 from October 2012 to September 2015.
ERIE addresses a series of fundamental questions relating to the application of complexity science to social and economic systems. The programme aims to embed cutting-edge complexity science methods and techniques within prototype computational tools that will provide policymakers with realistic and reliable platforms for strategy-testing in real-world socio-economic systems.
Quality Collectives (QLectives)
QLectives aims to combine three recent trends within information systems:
- Social networks - in which people link to others over the Internet to gain value and facilitate collaboration)
- Peer production - in which people collectively produce informational products and experiences without traditional hierarchies or market incentives
- Peer-to-Peer systems - in which software clients running on user machines distribute media and other information without a central server or administrative control
QLectives aims to bring these together to form Quality Collectives, i.e. functional decentralised communities that self-organise and self-maintain for the benefit of the people who comprise them. The project will generate theory at the social level, design algorithms and deploy prototypes targeted towards two application domains:
QLectives is supported by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme (FP7) for Research and Technological Development under the Information and Communication Technologies Theme, Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) Proactive, Call 3: ICT-2007.8.4 Science of Complex Systems for socially intelligent ICT (COSI-ICT).
The SIMIAN (Simulation Innovation: a Node) project is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council to promote and develop social simulation in the UK. The project started in September 2008, and involves a collaboration between the Centre for Research in Social Simulation (CRESS) and Dr Edmund Chattoe-Brown at the University of Leicester. SIMIAN is a node of the National Research Methods Centre. The project involves a programme of training courses and three "demonstrator" simulations chosen to address important social science challenges.
Recently completed projects include:
The NEW TIES project aimed to grow an artificial society using computer programming that develops agents—or adaptive, artificial beings—that have independent behaviours. The project's goal was to evolve an artificial society capable of exploring and understanding its environment through cooperation and interaction. The agents are sufficiently complex and their environment demanding, which enables them to develop a communication system to learn how to cooperate and to adapt.
Emergence in the loop (EMIL)
The main objective of this project was to understand and develop design strategies able to cope with the complex 2-way dynamics of sociality, consisting of emergent and immergent processes: from interaction among individual agents to aggregate level, and immergence of entities (norms) at the aggregate level into agents' minds. In particular, it focused on norm innovation. As research priorities, beside dealing with incompleteness and uncertainty, it contributed to the understanding and description of hierarchic systems by describing agents acting on multiple, i.e. individual, communitarian and institutional levels.
The objective of NEMO was to investigate the interplay between political governance, structure and function of politically induced R&D collaboration networks, in particular the networks that have emerged in the European Framework Programmes. The ultimate goal was to identify ways to create and to appraise desirable ('optimal') network structures for typical functions of such R&D collaboration networks (e.g. knowledge creation, transfer and (distribution). This will aid policymakers at all political levels in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of network-based policy instruments at promoting the knowledge economy in Europe.
Pattern Resilience (PATRES)
The project developed methods and prototype software tools for modelling and managing pattern resilience in complex systems. Pattern resilience is understood as the capacity of the system to maintain or to recover some desired pattern dynamics (which are related to useful functions) in a changing environment. The pattern dynamics are evolving statistical regularities which are generated by the interconnected components of the system. The methods will be tested on a set of applications, including: bacteria dynamics, land-use in semi-arid savannas, learning of sequences in basal ganglia, language variety, and biotech firm networks.
SIMWEB: aimed to provide European businesses in the digital contents sector with insights and tools which will enable them to take informed business strategy decisions and become more competitive by adapting their traditional business models. To achieve this objective, SimWeb has designed and implemented sector models based on innovative, reusable, and highly scalable multi-agent simulation technology. These computer-based models, calibrated to market data extracted from sector surveys, allow market participants in the digital contents sector to run through a variety of social and economic scenarios, and observe the impact they have on their businesses in particular, and on the competitive digital contents landscape in general.
EICSTES: European Indicators, Cyberspace and the Science-Technology-Economy System, was a project funded by the European Union to develop indicators of how the Science-Technology-Economy system is being affected by the growth of the Internet. Our contribution is an analysis of how the web is used, looking at it from the point of view of the user, rather than the technology.
FIRMA: Freshwater Integrated Resource Management with Agents was an EU project that brought together environmental scientists and social scientists to develop simulations to help manage drinking water at the local level in Europe.
PETRAS was an EU project that compared public and business reactions to proposals to implement ecological tax reforms in Europe (project completed).
SEIN: Simulation of self-organising Innovation Networks was an EU project that developed a theory of innovation networks, expressed as a computational model. The project also carried out case studies of biotechnology, web designers, combined heat and power, and mobile communications research to examine the role of innovation networks (project completed).
IMAGES: This EU project developed a simulation model for EU policymakers to help them design better 'Agri-Environmental Measures' (contracts with farmers that pay them to farm in a more environmentally desirable way) (project completed).
SOEIS: the Self-organisation of the European Information Society, an EU project for which the contribution from the University of Surrey has been to carry out a comparative study of the research funding systems in European states.
EPRESS: this JISC funded project has developed tools for publishing electronic journals on the internet.
- 'Data and models for exploring sustainability of human well-being in global environmental change'. Springer Verlag European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 519-545. . (2012)
- 'Manifesto of computational social science'. Springer Verlag European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 325-346. . (2012)
- 'Towards a living earth simulator'. European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 77-108. . (2012)
- 'Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology'. Wiley-Blackwell Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, doi: 10.1111/jtsb.12004
- 'Technosocial predictive analytics for security informatics'. Springer Security Informatics, 1 (1) Article number 8 . (2012)
- 'Does cumulative advantage affect collective learning in science? An agent-based simulation'. SPRINGER SCIENTOMETRICS, 89 (1), pp. 437-463.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/7696/
Agent-based simulation can model simple micro-level mechanisms capable of generating macro-level patterns, such as frequency distributions and network structures found in bibliometric data. Agent-based simulations of organisational learning have provided analogies for collective problem solving by boundedly rational agents employing heuristics. This paper brings these two areas together in one model of knowledge seeking through scientific publication. It describes a computer simulation in which academic papers are generated with authors, references, contents, and an extrinsic value, and must pass through peer review to become published. We demonstrate that the model can fit bibliometric data for a token journal, Research Policy. Different practices for generating authors and references produce different distributions of papers per author and citations per paper, including the scale-free distributions typical of cumulative advantage processes. We also demonstrate the model’s ability to simulate collective learning or problem solving, for which we use Kauffman’s NK fitness landscape. The model provides evidence that those practices leading to cumulative advantage in citations, that is, papers with many citations becoming even more cited, do not improve scientists’ ability to find good solutions to scientific problems, compared to those practices that ignore past citations. By contrast, what does make a difference is referring only to publications that have successfully passed peer review. Citation practice is one of many issues that a simulation model of science can address when the data-rich literature on scientometrics is connected to the analogy-rich literature on organisations and heuristic search.
- 'Symposium on "Collective representations of quality" - Introductory article'. Springer Verlag Mind and Society, 10 (2), pp. 165-168.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/7697/
Collective representations of the quality of artifacts are produced by human societies in a variety of contexts. These representations of quality emerge from a broad range of social interactions, from the uncoordinated behaviour of large collectives of individuals, to the interaction between individuals and organizations, to complex socio-technical processes such as those enabled by online peer production systems. This special issue brings together contributions from sociology, social psychology and social simulation to shed light on the nature of these representations and the social processes that produce them.
- 'Agency and structure: a social simulation of knowledge-intensive industries'. SPRINGER Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 17 (1), pp. 59-76.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/15384/
Modern knowledge-intensive economies are complex social systems where intertwining factors are responsible for the shaping of emerging industries: the self-organising interaction patterns and strategies of the individual actors (an agency-oriented pattern) and the institutional frameworks of different innovation systems (a structure-oriented pattern). In this paper, we examine the relative primacy of the two patterns in the development of innovation networks, and find that both are important. In order to investigate the relative significance of strategic decision making by innovation network actors and the roles played by national institutional settings, we use an agent-based model of knowledge-intensive innovation networks, SKIN. We experiment with the simulation of different actor strategies and different access conditions to capital in order to study the resulting effects on innovation performance and size of the industry. Our analysis suggests that actors are able to compensate for structural limitations through strategic collaborations. The implications for public policy are outlined.
- 'A new model for university-industry links in knowledge-based economies'. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 28 (2), pp. 218-235. . (2011)
- 'Understanding quality in science: A proposal and exploration'. Proceedings - 2010 4th IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems Workshop, SASOW 2010, , pp. 116-121. . (2011)
- ''WHAT DID YOU SAY?' EMERGENT COMMUNICATION IN A MULTI-AGENT SPATIAL CONFIGURATION'. WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD ADVANCES IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS, 13 (4), pp. 469-482.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/2324/
- 'Going back home Social simulation and artificial intelligence'. SPRINGER COMPUTATIONAL AND MATHEMATICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY, 16 (4), pp. 325-328. . (2010)
- 'Simulating large social networks in agent-based models: A social circle model'. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 12 (4), pp. 78-94.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/2709/
- 'Modelling the emergence and dynamics of social and workplace segregation'. Mind and Society, 8 (2), pp. 173-191. . (2009)
- 'An agent-based model of the English housing market'. AAAI Spring Symposium - Technical Report, SS-09-09, pp. 30-35. . (2009)
- 'Social Circles: A Simple Structure for Agent-Based Social Network Models.'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 12 (2) . (2009)
- 'Démographie des communautés en ligne: le cas des wikis'. Réseaux, 26 (152), pp. 205-240.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1602/
Les communautés eén ligne collaboratives ont connu un succés massif avec l’émergence des services et des plates-formes Web 2.0. Les wikis, et notamment la Wikipedia sont un des exemples les plus saillants de ce type de communautés de construction collective de contenus. La Wikipedia a á cet égard jusqu’ici concentré l’essentiel des efforts de recherche au sujet de ces communautés, même si l’ensemble des wikis constitue un écosystème possédant une très grande diversité de contenus, de populations, d’usages, de systèmes de gouvernance. Au contraire de la Wikipedia qui a probablement atteint la masse critique lui permettant d’être viable, la plupart des wikis luttent pour survivre et sont en compétition afin d’attirer contributeurs et articles de qualit é, connaissant ainsi des destinées variées, vertueuses – croissance en population et en contenu – ou fatales – inactivité et vandalisme.
- 'Measuring Wiki viability: An empirical assessment of the social dynamics of a large sample of Wikis'. WikiSym 2008 - The 4th International Symposium on Wikis, Proceedings, Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1565/
This paper assesses the content- and population-dynamics of a large sample of wikis, over a timespan of several months, in order to identify basic features that may predict or induce different types of fate. We analyze and discuss, in particular, the correlation of various macroscopic indicators, structural features and governance policies with wiki growth patterns. While recent analyses of wiki dynamics have mostly focused on popular projects such as Wikipe-dia, we suggest research directions towards a more general theory of the dynamics of such communities. © 2008 ACM.
- 'Getting away from numbers: Using qualitative observation for agent-based modeling'. WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD ADVANCES IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS, Toulouse, FRANCE: 11 (2), pp. 175-185.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1588/
- 'Complexities in markets: Introduction to the special issue'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC JOURNAL OF BUSINESS RESEARCH, 60 (8), pp. 813-815. . (2007)
- 'Social network analysis: Measuring tools, structures and dynamics'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 378 (1), pp. XI-XIII. . (2007)
- 'Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, Budapest, HUNGARY: 378 (1), pp. 100-109. . (2007)
- 'Simulating Knowledge-Generation and Distribution Processes in Innovation Collaborations and Networks'. Cybernetics and Systems, 38 (7), pp. 667-693. . (2007)
- 'Who wants to know?'. Engineer, 293 (7721), pp. 16-16. . (2007)
- 'Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments'. Physica A, 378, pp. 100-109. . (2007)
- 'Simulating knowledge-generation and distribution processes in innovation collaborations and networks'. TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS, Vienna, AUSTRIA: 38 (7), pp. 667-693. . (2007)
- 'Dilemmas of privacy and surveillance: challenges of technological change'. Criminal Justice Matters, (68), pp. 41-42.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1573/
- 'Agent-based land-use models: A review of applications'. Landscape Ecology, 22 (10), pp. 1447-1459.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1598/
Agent-based modelling is an approach that has been receiving attention by the land use modelling community in recent years, mainly because it offers a way of incorporating the influence of human decision-making on land use in a mechanistic, formal, and spatially explicit way, taking into account social interaction, adaptation, and decision-making at different levels. Specific advantages of agent-based models include their ability to model individual decision-making entities and their interactions, to incorporate social processes and non-monetary influences on decision-making, and to dynamically link social and environmental processes. A number of such models are now beginning to appear-it is timely, therefore, to review the uses to which agent-based land use models have been put so far, and to discuss some of the relevant lessons learnt, also drawing on those from other areas of simulation modelling, in relation to future applications. In this paper, we review applications of agent-based land use models under the headings of (a) policy analysis and planning, (b) participatory modelling, (c) explaining spatial patterns of land use or settlement, (d) testing social science concepts and (e) explaining land use functions. The greatest use of such models so far has been by the research community as tools for organising knowledge from empirical studies, and for exploring theoretical aspects of particular systems. However, there is a need to demonstrate that such models are able to solve problems in the real world better than traditional modelling approaches. It is concluded that in terms of decision support, agent-based land-use models are probably more useful as research tools to develop an underlying knowledge base which can then be developed together with end-users into simple rules-of-thumb, rather than as operational decision support tools. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
- 'A generic model of collectivities'. TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS, Vienna, AUSTRIA: 38 (7), pp. 695-706.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1566/
- 'History and social responses to environmental tax reform in the United Kingdom'. ELSEVIER SCI LTD ENERGY POLICY, 34 (8), pp. 930-939. . (2006)
- 'Institutions matter but... Organisational alignment in knowledge-based industries'. Science, Technology and Innovation Studies, 1 (2), pp. 39-58. . (2006)
- 'Emerging Artificial Societies Through Learning'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 9 (2), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/9/2/9.html.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1587/
The NewTies project is implementing a simulation in which societies of agents are expected to de-velop autonomously as a result of individual, population and social learning. These societies are expected to be able to solve environmental challenges by acting collectively. The challenges are in-tended to be analogous to those faced by early, simple, small-scale human societies. This report on work in progress outlines the major features of the system as it is currently conceived within the project, including the design of the agents, the environment, the mechanism for the evolution of language and the peer-to-peer infrastructure on which the simulation runs.
- 'Multi-Agent Based Simulation of News Digital Markets'. International Journal of Computer Science & Applications, 2 (1), pp. 7-14.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1650/
- 'Caffè Nero: the Evaluation of Social Simulation'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 8 (4), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/4/14.html. . (2005)
- 'Integrating agent-based social models and biophysical models'. MODSIM05 - International Congress on Modelling and Simulation: Advances and Applications for Management and Decision Making, Proceedings, , pp. 1617-1623. . (2005)
- 'Introduction'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 110 (4), pp. 859-863.doi: 10.1086/430413
- 'OPEN PROBLEMS IN USING AGENT-BASED MODELS IN INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR DYNAMICS'. Advances in Complex Systems, 07 (02), pp. 285-288. . (2004)
- 'Open problems in using agent-based models in industrial and labor dynamics'. Advances in complex systems, 7 (2), pp. 285-288. . (2004)
- 'Techniques for the construction and evaluation of participatory simulations'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 7 (4), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/7/4/1.html. . (2004)
- 'Synthesizing experiences: lessons to be learned from internet-mediated simulation games'. Simulation and gaming, 34 (1), pp. 10-22. . (2003)
- 'Platforms and Methods for Agent-based Modeling'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 99 (supll.3), pp. 7197-7198. . (2002)
- 'Understanding consumption: What interviews with retired households can reveal about budgetary decisions'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ONLINE, 6 (3), pp. U81-U97. . (2001)
- 'Innovation networks - A simulation approach'. J A S S S JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION, 4 (3), pp. U131-U150. . (2001)
- 'The computational beauty of nature: Computer explorations of fractals, chaos, complex systems and adaptation'. J A S S S JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION, 3 (1), pp. U119-U120. . (2000)
- 'How to build and use agent-based models in social science'. Mind and Society, 1 (1), pp. 57-72. . (2000)
- 'Decision-making processes for projects requiring EIA: case studies in six European countries'. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 1 (1), pp. 105-130. . (1999)
- 'Simulation: a new way of doing social science'. American Behavioral Scientist, 40 (10), pp. 1485-1487. . (1999)
- 'Talking about budgets: Time and uncertainty in household decision-making'. Sociology, 33 (1), pp. 85-103. . (1999)
- 'Centre for Research on Simulation in the Social Sciences'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ONLINE, 2 (2), pp. U125-U126. . (1997)
- 'A simulation of the structure of academic science'. Sociological Research Online, 2 (2), pp. http-//www.socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/2/3.html. . (1997)
- 'The electronic alternative: Sociological Research Online'. ASSOC LEARNED PROFESSIONAL SOC PUBL LEARNED PUBLISHING, 10 (4), pp. 339-343.Full text is available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/1646/
- 'Social science microsimulation'. Bulletin Methodologie Sociologique, (56), pp. 71-83. . (1997)
- 'European Union Social Science Research: Chinks in the wall'. European Sociologist, (4), pp. 6-7. . (1996)
- 'Using computer simulation to study social phenomena'. Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, (47), pp. 99-111. . (1995)
- 'On the nature of rules and conversation'. AI and Society, 9 (4), pp. 356-372. . (1995)
- 'Policy Instruments for Environmental Regulation'. The Globe, (26), pp. 8-10. . (1995)
- 'On the social organisation of organisations'. International Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 1 (1), pp. 95-118. . (1992)
- 'Simulating speech systems'. Computer Speech and Language, 5, pp. 81-99. . (1991)
- 'EXPERT SYSTEMS AND THE PUBLIC PROVISION OF WELFARE BENEFIT ADVICE'. SCH ADV URBAN STUDIES POLICY AND POLITICS, 18 (1), pp. 43-54. . (1990)
- 'Planning procedural advice'. Interacting with Computers, 2 (3), pp. 313-329. . (1990)
- 'SHAPING WRITTEN KNOWLEDGE - THE GENRE AND ACTIVITY OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ARTICLE IN SCIENCE - BAZERMAN,C'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 95 (3), pp. 811-812.doi: 10.1086/229358
- 'MEN - THE FORGOTTEN CARERS'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 23 (1), pp. 111-118. . (1989)
- 'Explanation and dialogue'. Knowledge Engineering Review, 4, pp. 235-247. . (1989)
- 'THE ALVEY DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT - APPLYING INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TO SOCIAL-SECURITY'. BUTTERWORTH-HEINEMANN LTD INFORMATION AGE, 10 (2), pp. 113-115. . (1988)
- 'EARLY RETIREMENT IN A PERIOD OF HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT'. CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY, 17, pp. 313-333. . (1988)
- 'Using computers in teaching sociology'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (40), pp. S2-S3. . (1988)
- 'GENDER, HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION AND RECEIPT OF DOMICILIARY SERVICES BY ELDERLY DISABLED PEOPLE'. CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY, 17, pp. 153-175. . (1988)
- 'Alvey DHSS Demonstrator: advanced information technology for legislation based organisations and the public they serve'. BURISA Newsletter, (81), pp. 2-5. . (1987)
- 'Time series analysis of the General Household Survey'. GHS Newsletter, (3), pp. 15-17. . (1987)
- 'Text, competence and logic: An exercise'. Qualitative Sociology, 9 (3), pp. 215-236.doi: 10.1007/BF00988399
- 'REPLICATION AND MERE REPLICATION'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 16 (1), pp. 21-37. . (1986)
- 'Computer help with welfare benefits'. Computer Bulletin, 1 (3), pp. 2-4. . (1986)
- 'OCCUPATIONAL CLASSES AND INTER-CLASS MOBILITY'. ROUTLEDGE BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 37 (3), pp. 370-391.doi: 10.2307/590646
- 'Scientific Information Retrieval'. ESRC Software Bulletin, (13), pp. 1-2. . (1985)
- 'Integrating women into class theory'. Sociology, 19, pp. 384-409. . (1985)
- 'Decision support in large organisations'. Data processing, 27, pp. 28-30. . (1985)
- 'PAID EMPLOYMENT AND WOMENS HEALTH - A BENEFIT OR A SOURCE OF ROLE STRAIN'. BLACKWELL PUBL LTD SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS, 7 (3), pp. 375-400. . (1985)
- 'EXPERIMENTS ARE THE KEY, PARTICIPANTS HISTORIES AND HISTORIANS HISTORIES OF SCIENCE'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS ISIS, 75 (276), pp. 105-125.doi: 10.1086/353435
- 'Statistical Packages on microcomputers'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (27), pp. 51-52. . (1984)
- 'Surrey GHS data sets'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (27), pp. 5-6. . (1984)
- 'THE GENERAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY AS A SOURCE FOR SECONDARY ANALYSIS'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 17 (2), pp. 255-259. . (1983)
- 'SCIENTISTS THEORY TALK'. UNIV ALBERTA CANADIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY-CAHIERS CANADIENS DE SOCIOLOGIE, 8 (2), pp. 179-197.doi: 10.2307/3340125
- 'Access to social science data in schools'. Computers and Education, 7, pp. 135-139. . (1983)
- 'Opening Pandora’s Box'. Sociology of the Arts and Sciences, 4, pp. 113-139. . (1983)
- 'ACCOUNTING FOR ERROR - HOW SCIENTISTS CONSTRUCT THEIR SOCIAL WORLD WHEN THEY ACCOUNT FOR CORRECT AND INCORRECT BELIEF'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 16 (2), pp. 165-183. . (1982)
- 'WARRANTING SCIENTIFIC BELIEF'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (3), pp. 383-408. . (1982)
- 'The Crosslinker: a computer program for the analysis of hierarchical data sets using non-hierarchical analysis packages'. SSRC Data Archive Bulletin, (22), pp. 7-10. . (1982)
- 'WHAT IS THE ULTIMATE QUESTION - SOME REMARKS IN DEFENSE OF THE ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE - RESPONSE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (2), pp. 309-319. . (1982)
- 'JOKING APART - SOME RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING THE ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC CULTURE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (4), pp. 585-613. . (1982)
- 'Accounting for error'. Sociology, 16, pp. 165-183. . (1982)
- 'Conversion of GHS into SPSS compatible files, 1973-1976'. SSRC Survey Archive Bulletin, (20), pp. 1-2. . (1981)
- 'PUTTING PHILOSOPHY TO WORK - POPPER,KARL INFLUENCE ON SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 11 (3), pp. 389-407. . (1981)
- 'SPSS and the General Household Survey'. SSRC Survey Archive Bulletin, May . (1980)
- 'Being interviewed: a rôle analysis'. Social Science Information, 19, pp. 227-236.. . (1980)
- 'MEASURING THE GROWTH OF SCIENCE - REVIEW OF INDICATORS OF SCIENTIFIC GROWTH'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV SCIENTOMETRICS, 1 (1), pp. 9-34.doi: 10.1007/BF02016837
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Agent-based modeling and social simulation have emerged as both developments of and challenges to the social sciences.
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An agent-based computational model, based on longitudinal ethnographic data about the dynamics of intra-group behaviour and work group performance, has been developed from observing an organizational group in the service sector. The model, in which the agents represent workers and tasks, is used to assess the effect of emotional expressions on the dynamics of interpersonal behaviour in work groups, particularly for groups that have recent newcomers. The model simulates the gradual socialization of newcomers into the work group. Through experimenting with the model, conclusions about the factors that influence the socialization process were studied in order to obtain a better understanding of the effect of emotional expressions. It is shown that although positive emotional display accelerates the socialization process, it can have negative effects on work group performance.
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Theses and dissertations
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Research methods, computational social science
Chair, Management Board, Sociological Research Online
Editor, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Editor, Social Research Update
Director, Centre for Research in Social Simulation
Director, University of Surrey Institute of Advanced Studies