Academic Profiles

Research Interests

Computational social science, sociology of science and science policy, innovation, consumer behaviour, sociology of the environment, privacy and surveillance.

Current projects include:

Whole Systems Energy Modelling Consortium (WholeSEM):

Energy models provide essential quantitative insights into the 21st Century challenges of decarbonisation, energy security and cost-effectiveness. Models provide the integrating language that assists energy policy makers to make improved decisions under conditions of pervasive uncertainty. Whole systems energy modelling also has a central role in helping industrial and wider stakeholders assess future energy technologies and infrastructures, and the potential role of societal and behavioural change.

 

The key aims of the interdisciplinary wholeSEM consortium are to:

Undertake internationally cutting edge research on prioritised energy system topics;
Integrate whole energy systems modelling approaches across disciplinary boundaries;
Build bilateral engagement mechanisms with the wider UK energy systems community in academia, government and industry.

The Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket Systems
The GLODERS research project is directed towards development of an ICT model for understanding a specific aspect of the dynamics of the global financial system: Extortion Racket Systems (ERSs). ERSs.  GLODERS will provide a theory-driven set of computational tools, developed through a process of participatory modelling with stakeholders, to study, monitor, and possibly predict the dynamics of ERSs, as they spread from local through regional into global influence.

The research will draw on expertise already developed in the small, but highly experienced multidisciplinary consortium to use:

• computer-assisted qualitative text mining of documentary evidence;

• guided semi-automatic semantic analysis of stakeholder narratives and other textual data; and

• multi-level, stakeholder-centred agent-based modelling of the distributed negotiations between normative agents.

These methods will advance the state of the art for using data to inform policy decisions.

Throughout, the project will interact with a large, international group of stakeholder representatives from EU Ministries of Justice and police forces. The output will provide a set of ICT tools to facilitate strategic policies that could prevent the further penetration and extension of the global menace posed by ERSs.

The GLODERS project is supported by the European Commission's Framework Programme 7 from October 2012 to September 2015.

 

Evolution and Resilience of Industrial Ecosystems (ERIE)

ERIE addresses a series of fundamental questions relating to the application of complexity science to social and economic systems. The programme aims to embed cutting-edge complexity science methods and techniques within prototype computational tools that will provide policymakers with realistic and reliable platforms for strategy-testing in real-world socio-economic systems.

Quality Collectives (QLectives)

QLectives aims to combine three recent trends within information systems:

  • Social networks - in which people link to others over the Internet to gain value and facilitate collaboration)
  • Peer production - in which people collectively produce informational products and experiences without traditional hierarchies or market incentives
  • Peer-to-Peer systems - in which software clients running on user machines distribute media and other information without a central server or administrative control

QLectives aims to bring these together to form Quality Collectives, i.e. functional decentralised communities that self-organise and self-maintain for the benefit of the people who comprise them. The project will generate theory at the social level, design algorithms and deploy prototypes targeted towards two application domains:

  • QMedia - an interactive peer-to-peer media distribution system (including live streaming), providing fully distributed social filtering and recommendation for quality
  • QScience - a distributed platform for scientists allowing them to locate or form new communities and quality reviewing mechanisms, which are transparent and promote quality

QLectives is supported by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme (FP7) for Research and Technological Development under the Information and Communication Technologies Theme, Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) Proactive, Call 3: ICT-2007.8.4 Science of Complex Systems for socially intelligent ICT (COSI-ICT).

SIMIAN

The SIMIAN (Simulation Innovation: a Node) project is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council to promote and develop social simulation in the UK. The project started in September 2008, and involves a collaboration between the Centre for Research in Social Simulation (CRESS) and Dr Edmund Chattoe-Brown at the University of Leicester. SIMIAN is a node of the National Research Methods Centre. The project involves a programme of training courses and three "demonstrator" simulations chosen to address important social science challenges.

 

Recently completed projects include:

NewTies

The NEW TIES project  aimed to grow an artificial society using computer programming that develops agents—or adaptive, artificial beings—that have independent behaviours.  The project's goal was to evolve an artificial society capable of exploring and understanding its environment through cooperation and interaction. The agents are sufficiently complex and their environment demanding, which enables them to develop a communication system to learn how to cooperate and to adapt.

Emergence in the loop (EMIL)

The main objective of this project was to understand and develop design strategies able to cope with the complex 2-way dynamics of sociality, consisting of emergent and immergent processes: from interaction among individual agents to aggregate level, and immergence of entities (norms) at the aggregate level into agents' minds. In particular, it focused on norm innovation. As research priorities, beside dealing with incompleteness and uncertainty, it contributed to the understanding and description of hierarchic systems by describing agents acting on multiple, i.e. individual, communitarian and institutional levels.

Network Models, Governance and R&D collaboration networks (NEMO)

The objective of NEMO was to investigate the interplay between political governance, structure and function of politically induced R&D collaboration networks, in particular the networks that have emerged in the European Framework Programmes. The ultimate goal was to identify ways to create and to appraise desirable ('optimal') network structures for typical functions of such R&D collaboration networks (e.g. knowledge creation, transfer and (distribution). This will aid policymakers at all political levels in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of network-based policy instruments at promoting the knowledge economy in Europe.

Pattern Resilience (PATRES)

The project developed methods and prototype software tools for modelling and managing pattern resilience in complex systems. Pattern resilience is understood as the capacity of the system to maintain or to recover some desired pattern dynamics (which are related to useful functions) in a changing environment. The pattern dynamics are evolving statistical regularities which are generated by the interconnected components of the system. The methods will be tested on a set of applications, including: bacteria dynamics, land-use in semi-arid savannas, learning of sequences in basal ganglia, language variety, and biotech firm networks.

SIMWEB: aimed to provide European businesses in the digital contents sector with insights and tools which will enable them to take informed business strategy decisions and become more competitive by adapting their traditional business models. To achieve this objective, SimWeb has designed and implemented sector models based on innovative, reusable, and highly scalable multi-agent simulation technology. These computer-based models, calibrated to market data extracted from sector surveys, allow market participants in the digital contents sector to run through a variety of social and economic scenarios, and observe the impact they have on their businesses in particular, and on the competitive digital contents landscape in general.

EICSTES: European Indicators, Cyberspace and the Science-Technology-Economy System, was a project funded by the European Union to develop indicators of how the Science-Technology-Economy system is being affected by the growth of the Internet. Our contribution is an analysis of how the web is used, looking at it from the point of view of the user, rather than the technology.

FIRMA: Freshwater Integrated Resource Management with Agents was an EU project that brought together environmental scientists and social scientists to develop simulations to help manage drinking water at the local level in Europe.

PETRAS was an EU project that compared public and business reactions to proposals to implement ecological tax reforms in Europe (project completed).

SEIN: Simulation of self-organising Innovation Networks was an EU project that developed a theory of innovation networks, expressed as a computational model. The project also carried out case studies of biotechnology, web designers, combined heat and power, and mobile communications research to examine the role of innovation networks (project completed).

IMAGES: This EU project developed a simulation model for EU policymakers to help them design better 'Agri-Environmental Measures' (contracts with farmers that pay them to farm in a more environmentally desirable way) (project completed).

SOEIS: the Self-organisation of the European Information Society, an EU project for which the contribution from the University of Surrey has been to carry out a comparative study of the research funding systems in European states.

EPRESS: this JISC funded project has developed tools for publishing electronic journals on the internet.

Teaching

Research methods, computational social science

Professional Activities

Chair, Management Board, Sociological Research Online
Editor, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Editor, Social Research Update
Director, Centre for Research in Social Simulation
Director, University of Surrey Institute of Advanced Studies

Contact Me

E-mail:
Phone: 01483 68 9173

Find me on campus
Room: 20 AD 03

Publications

Journal articles

  • Gilbert N, Bullock S. 'Complexity at the social science interface'. Complexity, 19 (6), pp. 1-4.
  • Rowden J, Lloyd DJB, Gilbert N. (2014) 'A model of political voting behaviours across different countries'. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 413, pp. 609-625.
  • Watts C, Gilbert N. (2014) 'Simulating innovation: Comparing models of collective knowledge, technological evolution and emergent innovation networks'. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 229 AISC, pp. 189-200.
  • Conte R, Bonelli G, Gilbert N, Cioffi-Revilla C, Deffuant G, Kertesz J, Loreto V, Moat S, Nadal J-P, Sanchez A, Nowak A, Flache A, San Miguel M, Helbing D. (2012) 'Manifesto of computational social science'. Springer Verlag European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 325-346.
  • Deffuant G, Alvarez I, Barreteau O, Jabot F, Rougé C, de Vries B, Edmonds B, Gilbert N, Gotts N, Janssen S, Hilden M, Kolditz O, Murray-Rust D, Smits P. (2012) 'Data and models for exploring sustainability of human well-being in global environmental change'. Springer Verlag European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 519-545.
  • Paolucci M, Conte R, Bonelli G, Kossman D, Gross M, Koumoutsakos P, Krause A, Sorkine O, Helbing D, Lukowicz P, Slusallek P, Argyrakis P, Blandford A, Anderson S, de Freitas S, Edmonds B, Gilbert N, Kohlhammer J, Linnér B-O, Sumner RW. (2012) 'Towards a living earth simulator'. European Physical Journal: Special Topics, 214 (1), pp. 77-108.
  • Salgado M, Gilbert N. (2012) 'Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology'. Wiley-Blackwell Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour,
  • Sanfilippo A, Gilbert GN, Greaves M. (2012) 'Technosocial predictive analytics for security informatics'. Springer Security Informatics, 1 (1) Article number 8
  • Ahrweiler P, Schilperoord M, Gilbert N, Pyka A. (2012) 'Simulating the role of mncs for knowledge and capital dynamics in networks of innovation'. Innovation and Institutional Embeddedness of Multinational Companies, , pp. 141-168.
  • Watts C, Gilbert N. (2011) 'Does cumulative advantage affect collective learning in science? An agent-based simulation'. SPRINGER SCIENTOMETRICS, 89 (1), pp. 437-463.

    Abstract

    Agent-based simulation can model simple micro-level mechanisms capable of generating macro-level patterns, such as frequency distributions and network structures found in bibliometric data. Agent-based simulations of organisational learning have provided analogies for collective problem solving by boundedly rational agents employing heuristics. This paper brings these two areas together in one model of knowledge seeking through scientific publication. It describes a computer simulation in which academic papers are generated with authors, references, contents, and an extrinsic value, and must pass through peer review to become published. We demonstrate that the model can fit bibliometric data for a token journal, Research Policy. Different practices for generating authors and references produce different distributions of papers per author and citations per paper, including the scale-free distributions typical of cumulative advantage processes. We also demonstrate the model’s ability to simulate collective learning or problem solving, for which we use Kauffman’s NK fitness landscape. The model provides evidence that those practices leading to cumulative advantage in citations, that is, papers with many citations becoming even more cited, do not improve scientists’ ability to find good solutions to scientific problems, compared to those practices that ignore past citations. By contrast, what does make a difference is referring only to publications that have successfully passed peer review. Citation practice is one of many issues that a simulation model of science can address when the data-rich literature on scientometrics is connected to the analogy-rich literature on organisations and heuristic search.

  • Roth C, Taraborelli D, Gilbert N. (2011) 'Symposium on "Collective representations of quality" - Introductory article'. Springer Verlag Mind and Society, 10 (2), pp. 165-168.

    Abstract

    Collective representations of the quality of artifacts are produced by human societies in a variety of contexts. These representations of quality emerge from a broad range of social interactions, from the uncoordinated behaviour of large collectives of individuals, to the interaction between individuals and organizations, to complex socio-technical processes such as those enabled by online peer production systems. This special issue brings together contributions from sociology, social psychology and social simulation to shed light on the nature of these representations and the social processes that produce them.

  • Ahrweiler P, Gilbert N, Pyka A. (2011) 'Agency and structure: a social simulation of knowledge-intensive industries'. SPRINGER Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 17 (1), pp. 59-76.

    Abstract

    Modern knowledge-intensive economies are complex social systems where intertwining factors are responsible for the shaping of emerging industries: the self-organising interaction patterns and strategies of the individual actors (an agency-oriented pattern) and the institutional frameworks of different innovation systems (a structure-oriented pattern). In this paper, we examine the relative primacy of the two patterns in the development of innovation networks, and find that both are important. In order to investigate the relative significance of strategic decision making by innovation network actors and the roles played by national institutional settings, we use an agent-based model of knowledge-intensive innovation networks, SKIN. We experiment with the simulation of different actor strategies and different access conditions to capital in order to study the resulting effects on innovation performance and size of the industry. Our analysis suggests that actors are able to compensate for structural limitations through strategic collaborations. The implications for public policy are outlined.

  • Ahrweiler P, Pyka A, Gilbert N. (2011) 'A new model for university-industry links in knowledge-based economies'. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 28 (2), pp. 218-235.
  • Gill AJ, Xenitidou M, Gilbert N. (2011) 'Understanding quality in science: A proposal and exploration'. Proceedings - 2010 4th IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems Workshop, SASOW 2010, , pp. 116-121.
  • Marchione E, Salgado M, Gilbert N. (2010) ''WHAT DID YOU SAY?' EMERGENT COMMUNICATION IN A MULTI-AGENT SPATIAL CONFIGURATION'. WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD ADVANCES IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS, 13 (4), pp. 469-482.
  • Hassan S, Antunes L, Gilbert N. (2010) 'Going back home Social simulation and artificial intelligence'. SPRINGER COMPUTATIONAL AND MATHEMATICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY, 16 (4), pp. 325-328.
  • Hamill L, Gilbert N. (2010) 'Simulating large social networks in agent-based models: A social circle model'. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 12 (4), pp. 78-94.
  • Gilbert GN, Abdou M. (2009) 'Modelling the emergence and dynamics of social and workplace segregation'. Mind and Society, 8 (2), pp. 173-191.

    Abstract

    The relationship between social segregation and workplace segregation has been traditionally studied as a one-way causal relationship mediated by referral hiring. In this paper we introduce an alternative framework which describes the dynamic relationships between social segregation, workplace segregation, individuals’ homophily levels, and referral hiring. An agent-based simulation model was developed based on this framework. The model describes the process of continuous change in composition of workplaces and social networks of agents, and how this process affects levels of workplace segregation and the segregation of social networks of the agents (people). It is concluded that: (1) social segregation and workplace segregation may co-evolve even when hiring of workers occurs mainly through formal channels and the population is initially integrated (2) majority groups tend to be more homophilous than minority groups, and (3) referral hiring may be beneficial for minority groups when the population is highly segregated.

  • Gilbert N, Hawksworth JC, Swinney PA. (2009) 'An agent-based model of the English housing market'. AAAI Spring Symposium - Technical Report, SS-09-09, pp. 30-35.
  • Hamill L, Gilbert GN. (2009) 'Social Circles: A Simple Structure for Agent-Based Social Network Models.'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 12 (2)
  • Roth C, Gilbert N, Taraborelli D. (2008) 'Measuring Wiki viability: An empirical assessment of the social dynamics of a large sample of Wikis'. WikiSym 2008 - The 4th International Symposium on Wikis, Proceedings,

    Abstract

    This paper assesses the content- and population-dynamics of a large sample of wikis, over a timespan of several months, in order to identify basic features that may predict or induce different types of fate. We analyze and discuss, in particular, the correlation of various macroscopic indicators, structural features and governance policies with wiki growth patterns. While recent analyses of wiki dynamics have mostly focused on popular projects such as Wikipe-dia, we suggest research directions towards a more general theory of the dynamics of such communities. © 2008 ACM.

  • Roth C, Taraborelli D, Gilbert GN. (2008) 'Démographie des communautés en ligne: le cas des wikis'. Réseaux, 26 (152), pp. 205-240.

    Abstract

    Les communautés eén ligne collaboratives ont connu un succés massif avec l’émergence des services et des plates-formes Web 2.0. Les wikis, et notamment la Wikipedia sont un des exemples les plus saillants de ce type de communautés de construction collective de contenus. La Wikipedia a á cet égard jusqu’ici concentré l’essentiel des efforts de recherche au sujet de ces communautés, même si l’ensemble des wikis constitue un écosystème possédant une très grande diversité de contenus, de populations, d’usages, de systèmes de gouvernance. Au contraire de la Wikipedia qui a probablement atteint la masse critique lui permettant d’être viable, la plupart des wikis luttent pour survivre et sont en compétition afin d’attirer contributeurs et articles de qualit é, connaissant ainsi des destinées variées, vertueuses – croissance en population et en contenu – ou fatales – inactivité et vandalisme.

  • Yang L, Gilbert N. (2008) 'Getting away from numbers: Using qualitative observation for agent-based modeling'. WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD ADVANCES IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS, Toulouse, FRANCE: 11 (2), pp. 175-185.
  • Gilbert N, Jager W, Deffuant G, Adjali I. (2007) 'Complexities in markets: Introduction to the special issue'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC JOURNAL OF BUSINESS RESEARCH, 60 (8), pp. 813-815.
  • Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P, Pyka A. (2007) 'Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, Budapest, HUNGARY: 378 (1), pp. 100-109.
  • Lorincz A, Gilbert N, Goolsby R. (2007) 'Social network analysis: Measuring tools, structures and dynamics'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 378 (1), pp. XI-XIII.
  • Gilbert N. (2007) 'Who wants to know?'. Engineer, 293 (7721), pp. 16-16.
  • Pyka A, Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P. (2007) 'Simulating knowledge-generation and distribution processes in innovation collaborations and networks'. TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS, Vienna, AUSTRIA: 38 (7), pp. 667-693.
  • Gilbert N. (2007) 'Dilemmas of privacy and surveillance: challenges of technological change'. Criminal Justice Matters, (68), pp. 41-42.
  • Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P, Pyka A. (2007) 'Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments'. Physica A, 378, pp. 100-109.
  • Pyka A, Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P. (2007) 'Simulating Knowledge-Generation and Distribution Processes in Innovation Collaborations and Networks'. Cybernetics and Systems, 38 (7), pp. 667-693.
  • Gilbert N. (2007) 'A generic model of collectivities'. TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS, Vienna, AUSTRIA: 38 (7), pp. 695-706.
  • Matthews RB, Polhill JG, Gotts NM, Gilbert NG, Roach A. (2007) 'Agent-based land-use models: A review of applications'. Landscape Ecology, 22 (10), pp. 1447-1459.

    Abstract

    Agent-based modelling is an approach that has been receiving attention by the land use modelling community in recent years, mainly because it offers a way of incorporating the influence of human decision-making on land use in a mechanistic, formal, and spatially explicit way, taking into account social interaction, adaptation, and decision-making at different levels. Specific advantages of agent-based models include their ability to model individual decision-making entities and their interactions, to incorporate social processes and non-monetary influences on decision-making, and to dynamically link social and environmental processes. A number of such models are now beginning to appear-it is timely, therefore, to review the uses to which agent-based land use models have been put so far, and to discuss some of the relevant lessons learnt, also drawing on those from other areas of simulation modelling, in relation to future applications. In this paper, we review applications of agent-based land use models under the headings of (a) policy analysis and planning, (b) participatory modelling, (c) explaining spatial patterns of land use or settlement, (d) testing social science concepts and (e) explaining land use functions. The greatest use of such models so far has been by the research community as tools for organising knowledge from empirical studies, and for exploring theoretical aspects of particular systems. However, there is a need to demonstrate that such models are able to solve problems in the real world better than traditional modelling approaches. It is concluded that in terms of decision support, agent-based land-use models are probably more useful as research tools to develop an underlying knowledge base which can then be developed together with end-users into simple rules-of-thumb, rather than as operational decision support tools. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  • Dresner S, Jackson T, Gilbert N. (2006) 'History and social responses to environmental tax reform in the United Kingdom'. ELSEVIER SCI LTD ENERGY POLICY, 34 (8), pp. 930-939.
  • Ahrweiler P, Gilbert N, Pyka A. (2006) 'Institutions matter but... Organisational alignment in knowledge-based industries'. Science, Technology and Innovation Studies, 1 (2), pp. 39-58.
  • Gilbert N, den Besten M, Bontovics A, Craenen BGW, Divina F, Eiben AE, Griffioen R, Hévízi G, Lõrincz A, Paechter B, Schuster S, Schut MC, Tzolov C, Vogt P, Yang L. (2006) 'Emerging Artificial Societies Through Learning'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 9 (2), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/9/2/9.html.

    Abstract

    The NewTies project is implementing a simulation in which societies of agents are expected to de-velop autonomously as a result of individual, population and social learning. These societies are expected to be able to solve environmental challenges by acting collectively. The challenges are in-tended to be analogous to those faced by early, simple, small-scale human societies. This report on work in progress outlines the major features of the system as it is currently conceived within the project, including the design of the agents, the environment, the mechanism for the evolution of language and the peer-to-peer infrastructure on which the simulation runs.

  • López-Sánchez M, Noria X, Rodríguez JA, Gilbert N. (2005) 'Multi-Agent Based Simulation of News Digital Markets'. International Journal of Computer Science & Applications, 2 (1), pp. 7-14.
  • Matthews RB, Polhill JG, Gilbert N, Roach A. (2005) 'Integrating agent-based social models and biophysical models'. MODSIM05 - International Congress on Modelling and Simulation: Advances and Applications for Management and Decision Making, Proceedings, , pp. 1617-1623.
  • Ahrweiler P, Gilbert N. (2005) 'Caffè Nero: the Evaluation of Social Simulation'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 8 (4), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/4/14.html.
  • Gilbert N, Abbott A. (2005) 'Introduction'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 110 (4), pp. 859-863.
  • Gilbert N. (2004) 'Open problems in using agent-based models in industrial and labor dynamics'. Advances in complex systems, 7 (2), pp. 285-288.
  • Ramanath AM, Gilbert N. (2004) 'Techniques for the construction and evaluation of participatory simulations'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 7 (4), pp. http-//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/7/4/1.html.
  • GILBERT NIGEL. (2004) 'OPEN PROBLEMS IN USING AGENT-BASED MODELS IN INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR DYNAMICS'. Advances in Complex Systems, 07 (02), pp. 285-288.
  • Asakawa T, Gilbert N. (2003) 'Synthesizing experiences: lessons to be learned from internet-mediated simulation games'. Simulation and gaming, 34 (1), pp. 10-22.
  • Gilbert N, Bankes S. (2002) 'Platforms and Methods for Agent-based Modeling'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 99 (supll.3), pp. 7197-7198.
  • Chattoe E, Gilbert N. (2001) 'Understanding consumption: What interviews with retired households can reveal about budgetary decisions'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ONLINE, 6 (3), pp. U81-U97.
  • Gilbert N, Pyka A, Ahrweiler P. (2001) 'Innovation networks - A simulation approach'. J A S S S JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION, 4 (3), pp. U131-U150.
  • Gilbert N, Terna P. (2000) 'How to build and use agent-based models in social science'. Mind and Society, 1 (1), pp. 57-72.
  • Gilbert N. (2000) 'The computational beauty of nature: Computer explorations of fractals, chaos, complex systems and adaptation'. J A S S S JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION, 3 (1), pp. U119-U120.
  • Gilbert N. (1999) 'Simulation: a new way of doing social science'. American Behavioral Scientist, 40 (10), pp. 1485-1487.
  • Chattoe E, Gilbert N. (1999) 'Talking about budgets: Time and uncertainty in household decision-making'. Sociology, 33 (1), pp. 85-103.
  • Dresner S, Gilbert N. (1999) 'Decision-making processes for projects requiring EIA: case studies in six European countries'. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 1 (1), pp. 105-130.
  • Gilbert N. (1997) 'Centre for Research on Simulation in the Social Sciences'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ONLINE, 2 (2), pp. U125-U126.
  • Gilbert GN, Troitzsch KG. (1997) 'Social science microsimulation'. Bulletin Methodologie Sociologique, (56), pp. 71-83.
  • Gilbert N. (1997) 'A simulation of the structure of academic science'. Sociological Research Online, 2 (2), pp. http-//www.socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/2/3.html.
  • Peters S, Gilbert N. (1997) 'The electronic alternative: Sociological Research Online'. ASSOC LEARNED PROFESSIONAL SOC PUBL LEARNED PUBLISHING, 10 (4), pp. 339-343.
  • Gilbert N. (1996) 'European Union Social Science Research: Chinks in the wall'. European Sociologist, (4), pp. 6-7.
  • Fordham A, Gilbert N. (1995) 'On the nature of rules and conversation'. AI and Society, 9 (4), pp. 356-372.
  • Gilbert GN. (1995) 'Using computer simulation to study social phenomena'. Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, (47), pp. 99-111.
  • Gilbert GN. (1995) 'Policy Instruments for Environmental Regulation'. The Globe, (26), pp. 8-10.
  • Jirotka M, Gilbert GN, Luff P. (1992) 'On the social organisation of organisations'. International Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 1 (1), pp. 95-118.
  • Fraser N, Gilbert GN. (1991) 'Simulating speech systems'. Computer Speech and Language, 5, pp. 81-99.
  • Gilbert GN, Jirotka M. (1990) 'Planning procedural advice'. Interacting with Computers, 2 (3), pp. 313-329.
  • DAWSON P, BUCKLAND S, GILBERT N. (1990) 'EXPERT SYSTEMS AND THE PUBLIC PROVISION OF WELFARE BENEFIT ADVICE'. SCH ADV URBAN STUDIES POLICY AND POLITICS, 18 (1), pp. 43-54.
  • GILBERT GN. (1989) 'SHAPING WRITTEN KNOWLEDGE - THE GENRE AND ACTIVITY OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ARTICLE IN SCIENCE - BAZERMAN,C'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 95 (3), pp. 811-812.
  • Gilbert GN. (1989) 'Explanation and dialogue'. Knowledge Engineering Review, 4, pp. 235-247.
  • ARBER S, GILBERT N. (1989) 'MEN - THE FORGOTTEN CARERS'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 23 (1), pp. 111-118.
  • GILBERT GN. (1988) 'THE ALVEY DHSS DEMONSTRATOR PROJECT - APPLYING INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TO SOCIAL-SECURITY'. BUTTERWORTH-HEINEMANN LTD INFORMATION AGE, 10 (2), pp. 113-115.
  • Gilbert GN. (1988) 'Using computers in teaching sociology'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (40), pp. S2-S3.
  • LACZKO F, DALE A, ARBER SSS, GILBERT GN. (1988) 'EARLY RETIREMENT IN A PERIOD OF HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT'. CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY, 17, pp. 313-333.
  • ARBER S, GILBERT GN, EVANDROU M. (1988) 'GENDER, HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION AND RECEIPT OF DOMICILIARY SERVICES BY ELDERLY DISABLED PEOPLE'. CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY, 17, pp. 153-175.
  • Bamford C, Dale A, Arber S, Gilbert GN. (1987) 'Time series analysis of the General Household Survey'. GHS Newsletter, (3), pp. 15-17.
  • Cordingley E, Gilbert GN. (1987) 'Alvey DHSS Demonstrator: advanced information technology for legislation based organisations and the public they serve'. BURISA Newsletter, (81), pp. 2-5.
  • Gilbert GN, Heath C. (1986) 'Text, competence and logic: An exercise'. Qualitative Sociology, 9 (3), pp. 215-236.
  • Gilbert GN. (1986) 'Computer help with welfare benefits'. Computer Bulletin, 1 (3), pp. 2-4.
  • GILBERT GN. (1986) 'OCCUPATIONAL CLASSES AND INTER-CLASS MOBILITY'. ROUTLEDGE BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 37 (3), pp. 370-391.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1986) 'REPLICATION AND MERE REPLICATION'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 16 (1), pp. 21-37.
  • Dale A, Gilbert GN, Arber S. (1985) 'Integrating women into class theory'. Sociology, 19, pp. 384-409.
  • ARBER S, GILBERT GN, DALE A. (1985) 'PAID EMPLOYMENT AND WOMENS HEALTH - A BENEFIT OR A SOURCE OF ROLE STRAIN'. BLACKWELL PUBL LTD SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS, 7 (3), pp. 375-400.
  • Gilbert GN. (1985) 'Decision support in large organisations'. Data processing, 27, pp. 28-30.
  • Dale A, Gilbert GN. (1985) 'Scientific Information Retrieval'. ESRC Software Bulletin, (13), pp. 1-2.
  • Gilbert GN, Arber S, Dale A, O’Byrne J. (1984) 'Surrey GHS data sets'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (27), pp. 5-6.
  • GILBERT GN, MULKAY M. (1984) 'EXPERIMENTS ARE THE KEY, PARTICIPANTS HISTORIES AND HISTORIANS HISTORIES OF SCIENCE'. UNIV CHICAGO PRESS ISIS, 75 (276), pp. 105-125.
  • Gilbert GN. (1984) 'Statistical Packages on microcomputers'. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, (27), pp. 51-52.
  • GILBERT GN, DALE A, ARBER S. (1983) 'THE GENERAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY AS A SOURCE FOR SECONDARY ANALYSIS'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 17 (2), pp. 255-259.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1983) 'SCIENTISTS THEORY TALK'. UNIV ALBERTA CANADIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY-CAHIERS CANADIENS DE SOCIOLOGIE, 8 (2), pp. 179-197.
  • Gilbert GN, Arber S, Dale A. (1983) 'Access to social science data in schools'. Computers and Education, 7, pp. 135-139.
  • Mulkay MJ, Gilbert GN. (1983) 'Opening Pandora’s Box'. Sociology of the Arts and Sciences, 4, pp. 113-139.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1982) 'JOKING APART - SOME RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING THE ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC CULTURE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (4), pp. 585-613.
  • GILBERT GN, MULKAY M. (1982) 'WARRANTING SCIENTIFIC BELIEF'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (3), pp. 383-408.
  • Gilbert GN, Mulkay MJ. (1982) 'Accounting for error'. Sociology, 16, pp. 165-183.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1982) 'ACCOUNTING FOR ERROR - HOW SCIENTISTS CONSTRUCT THEIR SOCIAL WORLD WHEN THEY ACCOUNT FOR CORRECT AND INCORRECT BELIEF'. BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC SOCIOLOGY-THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 16 (2), pp. 165-183.
  • Gilbert GN, Arber S, Dale A. (1982) 'The Crosslinker: a computer program for the analysis of hierarchical data sets using non-hierarchical analysis packages'. SSRC Data Archive Bulletin, (22), pp. 7-10.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1982) 'WHAT IS THE ULTIMATE QUESTION - SOME REMARKS IN DEFENSE OF THE ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE - RESPONSE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 12 (2), pp. 309-319.
  • MULKAY M, GILBERT GN. (1981) 'PUTTING PHILOSOPHY TO WORK - POPPER,KARL INFLUENCE ON SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 11 (3), pp. 389-407.
  • Gilbert GN, Arber S, Dale A. (1981) 'Conversion of GHS into SPSS compatible files, 1973-1976'. SSRC Survey Archive Bulletin, (20), pp. 1-2.
  • Gilbert GN. (1980) 'Being interviewed: a rôle analysis'. Social Science Information, 19, pp. 227-236..
  • Gilbert GN, Arber S, Dale A. (1980) 'SPSS and the General Household Survey'. SSRC Survey Archive Bulletin, May
  • GILBERT GN. (1978) 'MEASURING THE GROWTH OF SCIENCE - REVIEW OF INDICATORS OF SCIENTIFIC GROWTH'. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV SCIENTOMETRICS, 1 (1), pp. 9-34.
  • GILBERT GN. (1978) 'SIMULATION APPROACH TO TEACHING SURVEY SAMPLING'. AMER SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC TEACHING SOCIOLOGY, 5 (3), pp. 287-294.
  • GILBERT GN. (1977) 'COMPETITION, DIFFERENTIATION AND CAREERS IN SCIENCE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL SCIENCE INFORMATION SUR LES SCIENCES SOCIALES, 16 (1), pp. 103-123.
  • Gilbert GN. (1977) 'The growth and decline of a scientific specialty'. EOS, 5, pp. 78-81.
  • GILBERT GN. (1977) 'GROWTH AND DECLINE OF A SCIENTIFIC SPECIALTY - CASE OF RADAR METEOR RESEARCH'. AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION TRANSACTIONS-AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION, 58 (5), pp. 273-277.
  • GILBERT GN. (1977) 'REFERENCING AS PERSUASION'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 7 (1), pp. 113-122.
  • GILBERT GN. (1976) 'TRANSFORMATION OF RESEARCH FINDINGS INTO SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE'. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE, 6 (3-4), pp. 281-306.
  • Mulkay MJ, Gilbert GN, Woolgar S. (1975) 'Problem areas and research networks in science'. Sociology, 9, pp. 187-204.
  • Gilbert GN, Woolgar S. (1974) 'The quantitative study of science'. Science Studies, 4, pp. 279-294.

Conference papers

  • Schiller F, Skeldon A, Balke T, Grant M, Penn AS, Basson L, Jensen P, Gilbert N, Kalkan OD, Woodward A, Kaminski B, Koloch G. (2014) 'Defining Relevance and Finding Rules: An Agent-Based Model of Biomass Use in the Humber Area'. SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN ADVANCES IN SOCIAL SIMULATION, Warsaw Sch Econ, Warsaw, POLAND: 9th Conference of the European-Social-Simulation-Association (ESSA) 229, pp. 373-384.
  • Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P. (2009) 'The epistemologies of social simulation research'. Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Revised Selected and Invited Papers), Brescia, Italy: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006 5466, pp. 12-28.
  • Hassan S, Antunes L, Pavon J, Gilbert GN. (2008) 'Stepping on Earth: A Roadmap for Data-driven Agent-Based Modelling.'. Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Social Simulation Association (ESSA08)., Brescia, Italy: The European Social Simulation Association Annual Conference
  • Gilbert GN, Hassan S, Pavon J. (2008) 'Injecting data into simulation. Can agent-based modelling learn from microsimulation'. Fairfax, US: World Congress on Social Simulation
    [ Status: Unpublished ]
  • Gilbert N, Schuster S, Besten MD, Yang L. (2005) 'Environment design for emerging artificial societies'. Hatfield, UK : Sociology: Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour 2005 Conference: Social Intelligence and Interaction in Animals, Robots and Agents
  • Schuster S, Gilbert N, Nesi P, Ng K, Delgado J. (2005) 'Agent based simulation for modelling the distribution of online music'. IEEE COMPUTER SOC First International Conference on Automated Production of Cross Media Content for Multi-channel Distribution, Proceedings, Florence, ITALY: 1st International Conference on Automated Production of Cross Media Content for Multi-Channel Distribution, pp. 171-178.
  • López-Sánchez M, Noria X, Rodríguez JA, Gilbert N. (2004) 'Multi Agent Simulation Applied to Electronic News Distribution'. Valencia : 16th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence Sociology: ECAI 2004 Workshop on Applications of Software Agents in Engineering, pp. 7-11.
  • López-Sánchez M, Noria X, Rodríquez JA, Gilbert N, Shuster S. (2004) 'Multi Agent Simulation Applied to On-line Music Distribution Market'. Barcelona : IEEE Computer Society Sociology: 4th International Conference on Web Delivering of Music, WEDELMUSIC 2004, pp. 151-154.
  • Hare M, Gilbert N, Maltby S, Pahl-Wostl C. (2002) 'An internet-based role playing game for developing stakeholders' strategies for sustainable water management: experiences and comparisons with face-to-face gaming'. Sousee, Tunisia : Sociology: ISEE 2002
  • Gilbert N. (2002) 'Varieties of emergence'. Chicago : University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory Sociology: Agent 2002 Conference: Social agents: ecology, exchange, and evolution, pp. 41-56.
  • Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P, Pyka A. (2001) 'Understanding innovation networks through simulation'. Delft : Delft Technical university Sociology: Shaping Future with Simulation CD-ROM
  • McGlashan S, Bilange E, Fraser N, Heisterkamp P, Gilbert GN. (1992) 'Dialogue Management for Telephone Information Systems'. Trento, Italy : Sociology: Proceedings of the conference on Applied Natural Language Processing
  • Fraser N, Gilbert GN, MacDermid C. (1992) 'The value of simulation data'. Trento, Italy : Sociology: Workshop on empirical models and methodology for natural language processing
  • Jirotka M, Luff P, Gilbert GN. (1991) 'Participation frameworks for computer mediated communication'. Amsterdam : Sociology: Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work
  • Gilbert GN, Fraser N. (1991) 'Effects of system voice quality on user utterances in speech dialogue systems'. Genoa : Sociology: Proceedings of Eurospeech 91, pp. 57-60.
  • Gilbert GN, Buckland S, Frohlich D, Jirotka M, Luff P. (1990) 'Providing advice through dialogue'. Stockholm : Sociology: Proceedings of the European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 301-307.
  • Gilbert GN. (1988) 'Forms of explanation'. Minneapolis : Sociology: American Association for Artificial Intelligence Workshop on Explanation, pp. 72-75.
  • Gilbert GN, Luff P, Crossfield L, Frohlich DM. (1987) 'A mixed initiative interface for expert systems: the Forms Helper'. Sociology: International Journal of Man-machine Studies
  • Gilbert GN, Luff P. (1987) 'Interaction discourse and text generation in expert system interfaces'. City University, London : Institute of Electrical Engineers Sociology: 2nd Alvey Intelligent Interfaces Workshop, pp. 34-39.
  • Gilbert GN. (1986) 'User models: can they be good enough?'. Abingdon : Institute of Electical Engineers Sociology: 1st Alvey IKBS Intelligent Interfaces Workshop

Books

  • Gilbert N. (2008) Researching social life. 3rd edn. London : Sage Publications Ltd

    Abstract

    The Third Edition of Nigel Gilbert's hugely successful Researching Social Life covers the whole range of methods from quantitative to qualitative in a down-to-earth and unthreatening manner. Gilbert's text offers the best coverage of the full scope of research methods of any of the leading textbooks in the field, making this an essential text for any student starting a research methods course or doing a research project. This thoroughly revised text is driven by the expertise of a writing team comprised of internationally-renowned experts in the field. New to the Third Edition are chapters on: - Searching and Reviewing the Literature - Refining the Question - Grounded Theory and Inductive Research - Mixed Methods - Participatory Action Research - Virtual Methods - Narrative Analysis A number of useful features, such as worked examples, case studies, discussion questions, project ideas and checklists are included throughout the book to help those new to research to engage with the material. Researching Social Life follows the 'life cycle' of a typical research project, from initial conception through to eventual publication. Its breadth and depth of coverage make this an indispensable must-have textbook for students on social research methods courses in any discipline.

  • Gilbert N. (2007) Agent-based models. Sage Publications Inc.
  • Gilbert N. (2007) Special Issue: Complexities in Markets. 60 Edition. New York : Elsevier
  • Fielding JL, Gilbert GN. (2006) Understanding social statistics. Sage Publications Ltd
  • Gilbert N. (2006) From postgraduate to social scientist: a guide to key skills. London : SAGE
  • Fielding J, Gilbert N. (2005) Understanding Social Statistics. Second Edition. London : Sage
  • Gilbert N, Abbott A. (2005) Special issue: Social science computation. 110 (4) Edition. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press , pp. 859-1241.
  • Gilbert N, Troitzsch KG. (2005) Simulation for the social scientist. Second Edition. Milton Keynes : Open University Press
  • Gilbert N, Dresner S. (2001) The dynamics of European science and technology policies. Aldershot : Ashgate
  • Gilbert N. (2001) Researching Social Life. 2nd edn. London : Sage
  • Fielding J, Gilbert N. (2000) Understanding Social Statistics. London : Sage
  • Suleiman R, Troitzsch KG, Gilbert N. (2000) Tools and Techniques for Social Science Simulation. Heidelberg : Physica-Verlag
  • Gilbert N, Troitzsch KG. (1999) Simulation for the social scientist. Milton Keynes : Open University Press
  • Gilbert N. (1999) Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences. 42 Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage
  • Ahrweiler P, Gilbert N. (1998) Computer Simulations in Science and Technology Studies. Berlin : Springer
  • Sichman JS, Conte R, Gilbert N. (1998) Multi-agent systems and agent-based simulation. 1534 Edition. Berlin : Springer
  • Wooffitt RC, Fraser N, Gilbert N, McGlashan S. (1997) Humans, computers and wizards: Studying human (simulated) computer interaction. London : Routledge
  • Troitzsch KG, Mueller U, Gilbert GN, Doran JE. (1996) Social science microsimulation. Berlin : Springer
  • Gilbert GN, Conte R. (1995) Artificial Societies: the computer simulation of social life. London : UCL Press
  • Monk AF, Gilbert N. (1995) Perspectives on HCI: Diverse Approaches. London : Academic Press
  • Gilbert GN, Doran J. (1994) Simulating Societies: the computer simulation of social phenomena. London : UCL Press
  • Gilbert GN. (1993) Analyzing Tabular Data: loglinear and logistic models for social researchers. London : UCL Press
  • Gilbert GN. (1992) Researching Social Life. London : Sage
  • Arber S, Gilbert GN. (1991) Women and working lives: divisions and change. London : Macmillan
  • Burrows R, Gilbert GN, Pollert A. (1991) Fordism and flexibility: divisions and change. London : Macmillan
  • Luff P, Gilbert GN, Frohlich D. (1990) Computers and conversation. London and New York : Academic Press
  • Gilbert GN, Heath C. (1985) Social action and artificial intelligence. Aldershot : Gower
  • Gilbert GN, Mulkay M. (1984) Opening Pandora’s Box: a sociological analysis of scientists' discourse. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
  • Gilbert GN, Abell P. (1983) Accounts and action. Aldershot : Gower
  • Gilbert GN. (1981) Modelling society: an introduction to loglinear analysis for social researchers. London : Allen and Unwin

Book chapters

  • Deffuant G, Gilbert N. (2011) 'Preface'. in Deffuant G, Gilbert N (eds.) Viability and Resilience of Complex Systems 1st Edition. Springer 2011, pp. v-vii.
  • Hassan S, Pavon J, Antunes L, Gilbert GN. (2010) 'Injecting Data into Agent-Based Simulation.'. in Takadama K, Cioffi-Revilla C, Deffuant G (eds.) Simulating Interacting Agents and Social Phenomena 7 Edition. Springer-Verlag New York Inc , pp. 173-185.

    Abstract

    Agent-based modeling and social simulation have emerged as both developments of and challenges to the social sciences.

  • Sholz R, Nokkala T, Ahrweiler P, Pyka A, Gilbert GN. (2010) 'The agent-based NEMO model (SKEIN): simulating European Framework Programmes.'. in Ahrweiler P (ed.) Innovation in Complex Social Systems London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group , pp. 300-314.
  • Gilbert GN, Ahrweiler P, Pyka A. (2010) 'Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments'. in Ahrweiler P (ed.) Innovation in Complex Social Systems London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Article number 16 , pp. 235-249.
  • Gilbert GN, Pyka A, Ahrweiler P. (2009) 'Agent-based modelling of innovation networks: the fairytale of spillover'. in Pyka A, Scharnhorst A (eds.) Innovation networks: new approaches in modelling and analyzing Springer Verlag Article number 5 , pp. 101-126.
  • Gilbert N. (2007) 'Computational Social Science: Agent-based social simulation'. in Phan D, Amblard F (eds.) Agent-based Modelling and Simulation Oxford : Bardwell , pp. 115-134.
  • Yang L, Gilbert N. (2007) 'Case-Based Model of Emotional Expression Influence on Work Group Socialization and Performance'. in Takahashi S, Sallach D, Rouchier J (eds.) Advancing Social Simulation Tokyo : Springer , pp. 343-353.
  • Gilbert N. (2006) 'When does social simulation need cognitive models?'. in Sun R (ed.) Cognition and Multi-Agent Interaction: From Cognitive Modeling to Social Simulation Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , pp. 428-432.
  • Yang L, Gilbert N. (2006) 'Case-based model of emotional expression influence on work group socialization and performance'. Kyoto, JAPAN : Springer-Verlag Berlin , pp. 343-354.

    Abstract

    An agent-based computational model, based on longitudinal ethnographic data about the dynamics of intra-group behaviour and work group performance, has been developed from observing an organizational group in the service sector. The model, in which the agents represent workers and tasks, is used to assess the effect of emotional expressions on the dynamics of interpersonal behaviour in work groups, particularly for groups that have recent newcomers. The model simulates the gradual socialization of newcomers into the work group. Through experimenting with the model, conclusions about the factors that influence the socialization process were studied in order to obtain a better understanding of the effect of emotional expressions. It is shown that although positive emotional display accelerates the socialization process, it can have negative effects on work group performance.

  • Gilbert N. (2006) 'Sciences sociales computationnelles: simulation sociale multi-agents'. in Amblard F, Phan D (eds.) Modélisation et simulation multi-agents: applications pour les Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Paris : Lavoisier , pp. 141-157.
  • Gilbert N. (2005) 'La simulazione basata su agenti:come affrontare la complessita' dei sistemi sociali'. in Albino V, Carbonara N, Giannoccaro I (eds.) Organizzazioni e Complessità. Muoversi tra ordine e caos per affrontare il cambiamento Milano : F. Angeli , pp. 119-138.
  • Gilbert N. (2005) 'Quality, Quantity and the Third Way'. in Holland J, Campbell J (eds.) Methods in Development Research: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches London : ITDG Publishing , pp. 141-148.
  • Ahrweiler P, Pyka A, Gilbert N. (2004) 'Simulating Knowledge Dynamics in Innovation Networks'. in Leombruni R, Richiardi M (eds.) Industry and Labor Dynamics: The Agent-based Computational Economics Approach Singapore : World Scientific Press , pp. 284-296.
  • Gilbert N. (2004) 'Open problems in using agent-based models in industrial and labor dynamics'. in Leombruni R, Richiardi M (eds.) Industry and Labor Dynamics: the agent-based computational approach New Jersey : World Scientific , pp. 401-405.
  • López-Sánchez M, Noria X, Rodríquez-Aguilar JA, Gilbert N, Shuster S. (2004) 'Simulation of Digital Content Distribution Using a Multi-Agent Simulation Approach'. in J. Vitria , Radeva P, Aguilo I (eds.) Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development IOS Press , pp. 341-348.
  • Schuster S, Gilbert N. (2004) 'Simulating Online Business Models'. in Coleho H, Espinasse B, Seidel M (eds.) 5th Workshop on Agent-Based Simulation Lisbon, Portugal : Society for Modeling and Simulation International , pp. 55-61.
  • Vaux J, Gilbert N. (2002) 'Innovation networks by design: the case of the Mobile VCE'. in Pyka A, Küppers G (eds.) Innovation networks: Theory and Practice Cheltenham : Edward Elgar
  • Pyka A, Gilbert N, Ahrweiler P. (2002) 'Simulating Innovation Networks'. in Pyka A, Küppers G (eds.) Innovation Networks: Theory and Practice Cheltenham : Edward Elgar
  • Gilbert N, Maltby S, Asakawa T. (2002) 'Participatory simulations for developing scenarios in environmental resource management'. in Urban C (ed.) 3rd workshop on Agent-based simulation Passau, Germany : SCS-Europe , pp. 67-72.
  • Gilbert N, Chattoe E. (2001) 'Hunting the unicorn: an exploration of the simulation of small group leadership'. in Saam NJ, Schmidt B (eds.) Cooperative Agents: applications in the social sciences Dordrecht : Kluwer , pp. 109-124.
  • Hare M, Gilbert N, Medugno D, Asakawa T, Heeb J, Pahl-Wostl C. (2001) 'The development of an internet forum for long-term participatory group learning about problems and solutions to sustainable urban water supply management'. in Hilty LM, Gilgen PW (eds.) Sustainability in the Information society Marburg : Metropolis , pp. 743-750.
  • Gilbert N. (2000) 'The simulation of social processes'. in Coppock T (ed.) Information Technology and Scholarship Oxford : Oxford University Press , pp. 203-216.
  • Gilbert N. (2000) 'The simulation of social processes'. in Ferrand N (ed.) Modèles et Systèmes Multi-Agents pour la Gestion de l'Environment et des Territoires Clermont-Ferrand : Cemagref Éditions , pp. 121-137.
  • Gilbert N. (2000) 'Models, processes and algorithms: towards a simulation toolkit'. in Suleiman R, Troitzsch KG, Gilbert N (eds.) Tools and Techniques for Social Science Simulation Heidelberg : Physica-Verlag , pp. 3-17.
  • Gilbert N. (2000) 'Modelling sociality: the view from Europe'. in Kohler T, Gumerman G (eds.) Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes Oxford : Oxford University Press , pp. 355-372.
  • Jordan J, Gilbert N. (1999) 'Think local - act global: discourses of environment and local protest'. in Fairweather S (ed.) Environmental Futures Basingstoke : Macmillan , pp. 39-53.
  • Gilbert N. (1998) 'Simulation: an introduction to the idea'. in Ahrweiler P, Gilbert N (eds.) Computer simulations in science and technology studies Berlin : Springer , pp. 1-14.
  • Conte R, Gilbert N, Sichman JS. (1998) 'MAS and Social Simulation: A Suitable Commitment'. in Jaime S. Sichman , Rosaria Conte , Gilbert N (eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1534 Edition. Springer-Verlag , pp. 1-9.
  • Chattoe E, Gilbert N. (1997) 'A simulation of adaptation mechanisms in budgetary decision-making'. in Conte R, Hegselmann , Terna P (eds.) Simulating social phenomena 456 Edition. Berlin : Springer , pp. 401-418.
  • Gilbert GN. (1996) 'Holism, individualism and emergent properties: an approach from the perspective of simulation'. in Hegselmann R, Mueller U, Troitzsch KG (eds.) Modelling and simulation in the social sciences from the philosophy of science point of view Dordrecht : Kluwer , pp. 1-12.
  • Gilbert GN. (1996) 'Environments and languages to support social simulation'. in Troitzsch KG, Mueller U, Gilbert GN, Doran JE (eds.) Social science microsimulation Berlin : Springer , pp. 457-459.
  • Gilbert GN. (1996) 'Simulation as a research strategy'. in Troitzsch KG, Mueller U, Gilbert GN, Doran JE (eds.) Social science microsimulation Berlin : Springer , pp. 448-454.
  • Conte R, Gilbert N. (1995) 'Computer simulation for social theory'. in Gilbert N, Conte R (eds.) Artificial Societies: the computer simulation of social life London : UCL Press , pp. 1-18.
  • Gilbert N. (1995) 'Emergence in social simulation'. in Gilbert N, Conte R (eds.) Artificial Societies: the computer simulation of social life London : UCL Press , pp. 144-156.
  • Gilbert GN, Wooffitt R. (1994) 'Sociology in machines: applying sociology to software design'. in Woolgar S, Murray F (eds.) Social perspectives on software design MIT Press
  • Doran J, Gilbert GN. (1994) 'Simulating societies: an introduction'. in Gilbert GN, Doran J (eds.) Simulating Societies: the computer simulation of social phenomena London : UCL Press
  • Gilbert GN. (1994) 'Simulating social dynamics'. in Faulbaum F (ed.) Advances in Statistical Software 4 New York : Gustav Fischer , pp. 153-160.
  • Doran J, Palmer M, Gilbert GN, Mellars P. (1994) 'The EOS Project: modelling Upper Palaeolithic social change'. in Gilbert GN, Doran J (eds.) Simulating Societies: the computer simulation of social phenomena London : UCL Press
  • Harding S, Gilbert GN. (1993) 'Negotiating the take up of Formal Methods'. in Quintas P (ed.) Social Dimensions of Systems Engineering: People, Processes, Policies and Software Development Chichester : Ellis Horwood
  • Monk A, Gilbert GN, Nardi B, Mantei M, McCarthy J. (1993) 'Mixing oil and water? Ethnography vs. experimental psychology in the study of computer-mediated communication'. in (ed.) Proceedings of INTERCHI 1993 Amsterdam, The Netherlands : Association for Computing Machinery , pp. 3-6.
  • Gilbert GN. (1993) 'SAMP: a survey sampling program'. in Middleton C (ed.) Sociology Teaching Handbook British Sociological Association
  • Hewitt B, Gilbert GN. (1992) 'Group interfaces'. in Diaper D, Sanger C (eds.) CSCW in Practice: an Introduction and Case Studies Springer-Verlag , pp. 31-38.
  • Gilbert GN. (1992) 'CSCW for real: reflections on experience'. in Diaper D, Sanger C (eds.) CSCW in Practice: an Introduction and Case Studies Springer-Verlag , pp. 39-50.
  • Gilbert GN. (1992) 'Writing Sociology'. in Gilbert GN (ed.) Researching social life London : Sage
  • Gilbert GN. (1992) 'Research, theory and method'. in Gilbert GN (ed.) Researching social life London : Sage
  • Burrows R, Gilbert GN, Pollert A. (1991) 'Fordism and flexibility'. in Burrows R, Gilbert GN, Pollert A (eds.) Fordism and flexibility: divisions and change London : Macmillan
  • Arber S, Gilbert GN. (1991) 'Re-assessing women's working lives: an introductory essay'. in Arber S, Gilbert GN (eds.) Women and working lives: divisions and change London : Macmillan
  • Gilbert GN. (1990) 'Claimant Information Systems'. in Bench-Capon T (ed.) Knowledge based systems and legal applications London : Academic , pp. 183-198.
  • Seel N, Gilbert GN, Morris ME. (1990) 'A project-orientated view of CSCW'. in (ed.) Proceedings of Interact ’90 Cambridge : Pitman , pp. 903-908.
  • Ankrah A, Frohlich DM, Gilbert GN. (1990) 'Two ways to fill a bath, with and without knowing it'. in (ed.) Proceedings of Interact ’90 Cambridge : Pitman , pp. 73-78.
  • Gilbert GN. (1990) 'Support for members of the public'. in Bench-Capon T (ed.) Knowledge based systems and legal applications London : Academic , pp. 115-128.
  • Gilbert GN, Fraser N, Wooffitt R. (1990) 'Organising computer talk'. in Luff P, Gilbert GN, Frohlich D (eds.) Computers and conversation London : Academic , pp. 235-258.
  • Arber S, Gilbert GN. (1989) 'Transitions in caring: Gender, Life Course and the care of the Elderly'. in Bytheway WR (ed.) Becoming and being old London : Sage , pp. 72-93.
  • Gilbert GN, Dale A, S.Arber , Evandrou M, Laczko F. (1989) 'Resources in old age: ageing and the life course'. in Jeffreys M (ed.) Growing old in the 20th Century Routledge , pp. 93-114.
  • Gilbert GN. (1989) 'Explanation as process'. in Filer N (ed.) Proceedings of the fourth workshop of the Alvey Explanation SIG London : Institute of Electrical Engineers
  • Gilbert GN. (1988) 'The Alvey DHSS Demonstrator Project: applying IKBS to social security'. in Buchberger E, Göranzon B, Nygaard K (eds.) Artificial Intelligence: perspectives of AI as a social technology Oslo : Tano
  • Gilbert GN. (1987) 'Advice, discourse and explanations'. in Gilbert GN (ed.) Proceedings of the third workshop of the Alvey Explanation SIG London : Institute of Electrical Engineers
  • Gilbert GN. (1987) 'Cognitive and social models of the user'. in Bullinger HJ, B.Schakel (eds.) Human-Computer Interaction - Interact ’87 Amsterdam : North-Holland , pp. 165-172.
  • Gilbert GN. (1987) 'Question and answer types'. in Moralee S (ed.) Research and development in expert systems IV Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , pp. 162-172.
  • Arber S, Dale A, Gilbert GN. (1986) 'The limitations of existing social class classifications for women'. in Jacoby A (ed.) The measurement of social class London : Social Research Association , pp. 73-93.
  • Evandrou M, Arber S, Dale A, Gilbert GN. (1986) 'Who cares for the elderly? Family care provision and receipt of statutory service'. in Philipson C, Bernard M, Strang P (eds.) Dependency and interdependency in old age: theoretical perspectives and policy alternatives London : Croom Helm
  • Gilbert GN, Crossfield L. (1986) 'Introducing expert systems into a large legislation-based organisation'. in T. Bernold (ed.) Expert Systems and Knowledge Engineering Amsterdam : North-Holland , pp. 95-100.
  • Frohlich DM, Crossfield LP, Gilbert GN. (1985) 'Requirements for an intelligent form-filling interface'. in Johnson P, Cook S (eds.) People and computers: designing the interface Cambridge University Press , pp. 102-117.
  • Gilbert GN, Maude TI, Heaton NO, Wilson PA, Marshall CJ. (1984) 'An experiment in group working on mailbox systems'. in (ed.) Interact ’84 IFIP conference on Human-Computer Interaction London : North-Holland , pp. 396-400.
  • Gilbert GN. (1983) 'Accounts and those accounts called actions'. in Gilbert GN, Abell P (eds.) Accounts and Action Aldershot : Gower , pp. 183-187.
  • Gilbert GN. (1983) 'In search of the action'. in Gilbert GN, Abell P (eds.) Accounts and Action Aldershot : Gower , pp. 8-34.
  • Gilbert GN, Mulkay MJ. (1980) 'Contexts of scientific discourse: social accounting in experimental papers'. in Knorr KD, Krohn R, Whitley R (eds.) The social process of scientific investigation Dordrecht : Reidel , pp. 269-296.
  • Gilbert GN. (1976) 'The development of science and scientific knowledge: the case of radar meteor research'. in Lemaine G, MacLeod R, Mulkay M, P Weingard (eds.) Perspectives on the emergence of Scientific Disciplines Paris : Mouton , pp. 187-206.

Reports

  • Gilbert N. (2003) Societal Aspects of Risk. London : Royal Academy of Engineering
  • Gilbert GN. (1996) Using Environmental Impact Assessments in the planning process. University of Sussex : Global Environmental Change Programme
  • Gilbert GN. (1991) Artificial Societies. University of Surrey
  • Gilbert GN. (1990) Sundial Dialogue Manager Functional Specification. Logica (Cambridge) Ltd
  • Gilbert GN. (1990) Complex systems, ethnomethodology and interaction analysis. American Association for Artificial Intelligence
  • Gilbert GN, S. Buckland , Dawson P, Frohlich D, Luff P, Crossfield L, Cordingley B, Robinson P. (1988) Functional specification for the Advice System. University of Surrey Article number 38
  • Buckland S, Cordingley ES, Frolich DM, Gilbert GN, Luff P. (1987) Initial requirements specification for the Advice System. University of Surrey Article number 19
  • Gilbert GN. (1987) Proceedings of the 3rd Alvey KBS Club Explanation Special Interest Group Workshop. Institute of Electrical Engineers.
  • Gilbert GN. (1987) Proceedings of the 2nd Alvey KBS Club Explanation Special Interest Group Workshop. Institute of Electrical Engineers.
  • Gilbert GN. (1986) Proceedings of the 1st Alvey KBS Club Explanation Special Interest Group Workshop. Institute of Electrical Engineers.
  • Arber S, Rajan L, Gilbert GN, Dale A. (1985) Gender and Inequality in Britain. Longmans Educational Publishing
  • Arber S, Gilbert GN, Dale A, Rajan L. (1985) Poverty and Income in Britain. Longmans Educational Publishing
  • Gilbert GN, Rajan L, Arber S, Dale A. (1985) Class and Inequality in Britain. Longmans Educational Publishing
  • Dale A, Arber S, Gilbert GN. (1983) Alternative measures of social class for women and families. Equal Opportunities Commission

Internet publications

  • Gilbert N. (2005) Agent-based social simulation: dealing with complexity.

Software

  • Gilbert GN. (1977) SAMP: a computer program for teaching survey sampling. Distributed by CONDUIT, University of Iowa.

Theses and dissertations

  • Gilbert GN. (1975) The development of science and scientific knowledge: a case study.

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